Gastroenteritis Symptoms And Treatments

Gastroenteritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the stomach and bowel. It can be caused by a bacterial infection or viral infection. Food poisoning is also a common cause of gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis can be very contagious and is easily passed from person to person if caused by a viral infection. Symptoms don’t usually last very long. It can very from two days to a few weeks but commonly lasts less than a week.

Symptoms Of Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis can cause very unpleasant symptoms including:

  • Watery diarrhoea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Muscle aches
  • Fever
  • Flu-like symptoms

How Is Gastroenteritis Diagnosed?

胃肠炎很容易从明显的症状中识别出来。大多数人可以在家控制自己的症状,而不需要任何医疗干预。有腹泻、呕吐症状的人最好不要去看全科医生,以减少细菌的传播。如果你的症状很严重,最好打电话给你的诊所寻求建议,他们会评估你是否需要进一步的治疗。

Gastroenteritis Treatments

Cases of gastroenteritis although unpleasant are usually mild and don’t require any medical treatment. There are some conservative steps that you can take to aid your recovery. Staying hydrated is essential.

CONSERVATIVE TREATMENTS

Diet and Lifestyle

患有肠胃炎的你可能很难进食,所以要多喝水。最好是粘在水或弱瓜上。一些运动饮料也可以帮助补充在这些过程中丢失的糖和盐。避免碳酸饮料和浓果汁,因为这些不会补水,而且会刺激胃。同样的,避免吃高脂肪和辛辣的食物也是出于同样的原因。如果你确实喜欢吃东西,坚持吃简单的食物,每隔一段时间吃少量的食物来补充能量。有些人发现他们在肠胃炎后的几周内对奶制品很敏感,所以在你感觉良好之前避免食用奶制品是有帮助的。

Oral Rehydration Solutions

These aren’t necessary if you’re otherwise fit and strong but can be helpful to those who have a compromised immune system or chronic health condition, or are aged over 60. Oral rehydration solutions contain the right sugars and electrolytes needed by your body for hydration. You can purchase these over the counter from a pharmacy.

Preventing Spread

To avoid reinfection it’s best to prevent the spread of germs which can be highly contagious. If you contract diarrhoea and vomiting stay at home and avoid going back to school or work until 48 hours after your symptoms have passed. Try not to visit your GP or hospital to avoid passing on the virus to those who are more vulnerable. Wash hands regularly and wipe down surfaces and door handles that have been touched.

MEDICINAL

Antimotility Medication

Medications such as loperamide, more commonly known as Imodium can slow down the bowel and hold off symptoms for a short burst if it is essential. It is best to avoid using these as it can make symptoms more severe in some cases. Do not use this medication is you have blood or mucus in your stool and have a fever. Loperamide can also cause uncomfortable bloating and abdominal pain in some people. It is best to let the illness take its course.

THE INFORMATION ON THIS PAGE IS A GUIDE ONLY. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU SPEAK TO YOUR GP OR A QUALIFIED HEALTH PROFESSIONAL BEFORE UNDERTAKING ANY TREATMENTS.

Further information and downloads can be found in the RESOURCES section. Living with a bladder or bowel condition or caring for someone with a bladder and bowel condition can affect you emotionally and socially; sometimes it can help to speak to others who understand your situation. TheBladder & Bowel Community Forumis available 24 hours today and will allow you to connect with those who share your condition. Start your own topic today or just follow one that interests you.